If you’re a parent who has discovered that your son or daughter has a substance abuse problem, you probably feel confused and frightened. These feelings are normal. The main thing you need to know at this point is that there is always hope. It’s not your fault. One of the most important things you can do is to educate yourself. You may need to know more about substance abuse itself. You will also need to know how to determine if your son or daughter is going to a Florida rehab with a good reputation and a quality program. Recovery is always possible.
The Facts: Drugs of Abuse That May Require Rehab in Florida
As a parent, you probably don’t know much about drugs of abuse. This article will cover some of the more common ones and will provide you with some important information about each. This article will also tell you how to select a high quality rehab for your child. There are a number of frequently abused types of drugs:
- Legal prescription drugs, including opioids, tranquilizers and stimulants
- Heroin and bootleg amphetamine
Legal prescription drugs commonly abused by young people include hydrocodone, oxycodone and fentanyl. These three are opioids, or drugs used to relieve pain. Hydrocodone is often supplied in white or yellow capsule-shaped tablets under the brand names of Vicodin, Lorcet and Norco.
Oxycodone is frequently in the form of small, round, light to medium blue 30-milligram tablets. When sold on the street, these tablets are often called blues or roxies. Roxi or roxy refers to the brand name, Roxicodone, but it can also mean all forms and manufacturers of immediate-release oxycodone. Oxycontin is the brand name, manufactured by Purdue, of a long-acting form of the drug. Oxycontin somewhat resembles the candy, Skittles, in colors of white, pink, orange, brown or green, depending on the dose.
Fentanyl is most often supplied as skin patches. Abusers may extract the fentanyl content from the patch, often in the form of a gel, and then either ingest or inject it. Fentanyl is about 80 times stronger than morphine.
Heroin is relatively cheap and easy to find in most areas. It’s commonly in the form of a dark brown tarry substance or a beige or brownish powder. It can be injected, snorted or smoked. It induces profound euphoria in susceptible individuals.
If your child has pinpoint pupils, track marks, seems sleepy much of the time, is always broke and cannot perform at school or work, the problem may be heroin. Also watch for constant use of sunglasses, even indoors, and the wearing of long sleeves and pants in hot weather.
Tranquilizers in the Valium family are also abused. Some brand names are Ativan, Halcion and most especially, Xanax. Xanax is often called ladders or bars by abusers. They cause feelings of well-being and peace. Abusers may appear drowsy much of the time.
A prescription stimulant drug known as Adderall, which is an amphetamine preparation, is wildly popular among older teens and young adults. Look for weight loss, rapid, rambling, nonsensical speech, endless energy, insomnia and dilated pupils. Bootleg, or street, forms of methamphetamine are often abused and will produce the same signs and symptoms as those of Adderall.
Alcohol doesn’t affect everyone in the same way. However, it’s generally apparent when someone is drunk. They will stumble about, slur their speech and reek of alcohol.
How to Choose the Right Florida Rehab
Unless your child’s drug habit is still at a low level, inpatient, or residential, drug treatment is usually your best option. Here are some things to look for:
By law, all Florida rehabs must be licensed by the state. However, licensing and accreditation are not the same thing. A facility that has been accredited by an industry authority, such as The Joint Commission or CARF, has been endorsed by these expert entities. It’s your assurance that the facility’s standards are high. On the other hand, Florida licensing requirements for a drug rehab are mediocre in nature. If you’re looking for the best, never choose a non-accredited facility.
Medically-assisted detox services
Your child will likely need detox services. This is where the body is safely cleansed of all drugs of abuse. Ensure that the facility offers medically-assisted detox. This means that your child’s detox program will be created and supervised by medical professionals. Medications may be used as part of this. Don’t be alarmed. The medications are safe and necessary. Dosages will be gradually reduced over the detox time period.
After your child has been detoxed from their drug of abuse, they will need to continue with therapy for the best long-term results. Some accepted evidence-based therapies include:
- CBT, which is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
- Community Reinforcement Approach
- MBT, or Motivational-Behavioral Therapy
- Contingency Management Intervention
These are just a few. There are others. Just ask which ones the facility uses. After you have that information, look it up for yourself online to be sure it’s an accepted and effective form of therapy.
If you’d prefer to avoid faith-based therapies such as the 12-Step Program, you can. There are many alternatives:
- LifeRing Secular Recovery
- Moderation Management
Ask if the facility requires participation in the 12-Step Program. Ask about alternatives. If this subject is important to you, find a facility that offers both evidence-based and non-faith based therapies.
A quality program will always include an adequate amount of both individual and group therapy.
Comprehensive Intake Interview
This is an intense, one-on-one intake interview for your child. It should be conducted only by an addiction professional. Be sure that each treatment program is individualized. You child should be receiving treatment tailored just for him or her.
All staff members directly involved in your child’s treatment program should be licensed and experienced in some form of addiction treatment. There should be a physician on staff. Look for his or her board certification in Addiction Medicine. At the very least, the physician should have a good three to five years’ experience in the field.
The facility should have an adequate staff-to-patient ratio. This means that they have enough staff to provide sufficient care for each client.
Insist on a tour before your child enrolls. If the facility balks or refuses, move along to another one. Overall, the facility should be clean, comfortable, secure, well-maintained and attractive. The visiting area should be inviting and appealing. There should be a reasonably varied menu of nutritious food. Is the kitchen area clean? Look in the bathrooms. Are they clean? The living areas should provide comfortable beds and enough personal space for each resident. Staff members should be approachable, friendly and concerned.
For More Help to Find a Quality Florida Rehab
If you’d like more assistance, we would be pleased to help you. We are counselors experienced in substance abuse treatment. We are available 24 hours a day. Just one confidential call will provide you with valuable information regarding the best options for your child. You may reach us at 877-978-3148. We look forward to assisting you.